David and Goliath
Summary of Lesson Activity:
Make (and eat!) a giant cookie while learning story details about David and Goliath. The first week of the Rotation, the class will use a pre-made cookie dough and then they will make the dough for use in subsequent weeks.
Note: We created a PowerPoint to tell this story using pictures from the book by Brendan Powell Smith, David and Goliath: The Brick Bible for Kids. Some pictures are from the website by the same author, The Brick Testament: here and here.
For copyright reasons, this PowerPoint can not be shared. An alternate way of telling the story is included below.
Scripture Reference & Key Bible Verse & Objectives:
Refer to first post in this lesson set.
- Read Bible Background and scripture.
- A batch of pre-made cookie dough (see end of lesson for recipe, makes four 5½ inch round cookies (cut into ¼’s for a total of 16 servings)
One Egg (per batch of dough to be created by students)
Butter (one stick = 1/2 cup, per batch of dough)
- Flour (one and one-quarter cups per batch of dough)
- Brown sugar (one half a cup, packed)
- White sugar (one quarter of a cup)
- Baking soda
- Mini Chocolate chips - One cup (one half of a 12-ounce size — One cup 1/2 package)
- Serving utensils (spatula, knife) and a serving tray
- Two large sheet pans
- Parchment paper
- Two Ice cream scoops (~ 2” diameter or 1/8 cup capacity)
- Measuring cups and Teaspoons
- Two Mixing Bowls (one large and one smaller)
- A Hand mixer
- A Pencil
- A five inch circle stencil (to draw on parchment paper for cookie size)
- A zipper freezer bag (for freezing dough for the next weeks use)
- Story paraphrase (See the attachment at end of lesson. To download, click on the underlined words "Story Paraphrase.doc")
- The Young Reader’s Bible (if the story paraphrase is used)
- For 2nd graders and up: Adventure Bibles
- Pen and note pad
Advanced Preparation Requirements:
- Take cookie dough out of refrigerator to become more pliable, & break it into two halves.
- Take 1/2 cup of butter (one stick) out of the fridge to soften
- Cover the sheet pans with parchment paper and draw two circles (using 5-inch stencil) on each piece of parchment in pencil.
- Decide if you’d like to premeasure any ingredients (recommended for younger students)
- Cover the baking pans with parchment paper.
- Preheat oven to 350 degrees. (For a convection oven use 325.)
- When 3rd graders and up visit, distribute Bibles around the tables.
Opening- Welcome and Lesson Introduction
Do: Greet your students warmly, welcoming them to the cooking workshop. Introduce yourself and have the Shepherds introduce themselves.
Ask for a few volunteers to briefly share a moment when they felt afraid. (Perhaps you’ll need to share a moment from your experience to prime the pump.) Make a note (either mental or writing it down is ok) of any moments that sound like “giants” in their lives.
Say: In today’s Bible story, a boy named David faces a very large man named Goliath. Goliath was really big. He was described as a giant! Everyone was afraid of Goliath but David was sure he could fight Goliath and win.
Ask: Who knows how the story turns out? (allow a brief answer)
Say: It sounds like a pretty unlikely story doesn’t it – a small boy wins a battle with a large, over nine feet tall giant – and with only a slingshot!
Ask: Have you ever faced a giant like Goliath? Wait, can’t the word giant describe anything that is big – say, a giant problem?
How many of you have faced that kind of giant – a giant problem? [If necessary, remind the students of the “giants’ in their lives, mentioned earlier.]
Say: Because we are talking today about “giants” – we are going to make some giant cookies. While our cookies bake we’ll discuss more about our story and how the story can help us face giants in our own lives.
Dig- Main Content and Reflection:
Do: Wash your hands first and then have everyone wash their hands. Offer aprons to those who’d like to wear one. Break the class into two groups. Give each group half of the batch of cookie dough.
Say: To make our giant cookies, some of you will be scooping dough and some of you will be pressing the dough into a circle.
Do: Ask each group to take turns scooping three - ½ ice cream scoops of dough (about ½ cup total) onto each parchment paper circle. Those that are not scooping can press the dough into the form of a circle.
Note: Have the students pressing the dough put some flour on their hands to prevent sticking, and to try to press the dough into an even thickness.
Say: Notice the size of the cookies compared to the very small chocolate chips. Goliath cookies and David chocolate chips!!
Do: Ask Shepherd to bake and time the cookies (about 10-14 minutes, they are done when they are golden around the edges), and, when done, to cut each cookie into quarters and bring them to the Social Hall on the serving tray.
Say: Now we are going to make dough for next week’s class!
Do: Assign the following tasks to the two groups. Name the groups “David” and “Goliath”.
- Have the David group add these items to the bowl and mix them. Try to make turns as even as possible. If someone doesn’t add something, have them use the hand mixer to mix.
- 1/2 cup packed brown sugar
- 1 stick of butter
- 1/4 cup white sugar
- 1 Egg
- 1 teaspoon vanilla
- Meanwhile, have the Goliath group add the dry ingredients to the smaller bowl and mix together:
- 1 1/4 cups flour
- 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
- After the wet ingredients are in the bowl, have the David Group use the hand mixer to get them all incorporated. Make sure to have them start it on low so the ingredients don’t go everywhere! It takes about 2 minutes for the ingredients to become fully mixed.
- Have the Goliath group add the dry ingredients into the larger wet ingredient bowl. (if there are more students than jobs, divide up the flour adding and the hand-mixing task.)
- Have the Goliath group use the hand mixer to incorporate the dry ingredients in (takes about a minute to get it together).
- Have the David group add the mini chocolate chips and mix in by hand (take turns). The batter should be stiff and smooth.
- Ask the Shepherd to bag up the dough into a zipper freezer bag and pop into the freezer.
Do: Have the students wash their hands, and meet back in the classroom area for the lesson and discussion.
Hear and discuss the story:
(Note: here is where we started the PowerPoint. I had added slides to show during the discussion about the organization of the Bible.)
Say: Let’s dig into our Bible story.
Do: Run quickly through the next three slides…
Ask: How many testaments are in the Bible? (2)
Ask: Why are there two testaments?
Say: The two testaments divide the Bible into the portion that Jesus learned when he was your age – the Old Testament, and the New Testament which is stories about Jesus and the early church.
Ask: Is the story of David and Goliath in the Old Testament or the New Testament?
Say: Since Jesus would have learned this story of God always with us, when he was your age, we find it in the Old Testament.
For 2nd and up:
Say: Besides being divided into two testaments, the Bible is further divided into collections. Let’s take a look at some of the collections that make up the Old Testament, since our story is in the Old Testament.
Do: Have students turn to the Table of Contents and find the list of Old Testament books. Ask: Can anyone tell me the first collection of books of the Old Testament?
Say: The first collection in the Old Testament is called the “Pentateuch” (Pronounced: PEN-tuh-took); penta meaning five. This collection is also called the books of the “Law” or the books of “Instruction.” Our story is found in First Samuel.
Ask: What collection is First Samuel in?
Say: This collection is called “History” because they tell us about the history of God’s people who were known in those days as the Israelites. Let’s turn to First Samuel, chapter 17, verse 1.
Do: After they’ve found I Samuel 17:1 tell them this is where the story of David and Goliath is told in the Bible.
For all students:
Say: I have a slide show of our story about David and Goliath.
Ask: How many of you enjoy playing with Legos?
Say: Well the fun thing about this story is all of the pictures have been created out of Legos!
Do: Play the Power Point presentation and click to advance to next page. Read the words under each of the pictures. → On later weeks of the Rotation: rather than reading the words, ask the students to tell you the story.
An alternate way to tell the story:
Have open in front of you an Adventure Bible to 1 Samuel 17:1.
Tell or review the story, using the paraphrase along with the pictures in the story Bible – The Young Reader’s Bible.
For the first paragraph: Start on page 142 with David caring for sheep.
For the next paragraph: Go to page 146/147.
For the next paragraph: Go to page 148/149.
For the last paragraph: Go to page 150.
In later weeks of the Rotation, ask the students to tell you the story. You may not need to read the summary, just use it to fill in details.
Note: Whenever the cookies are done, ask the Shepherd to serve one slice of cookie to each student. They can munch while you continue the lesson.
(Giant cookies pictured on right!)
Say: Everyone was afraid of Goliath. He was over 9 feet tall!
Ask: Why do you suppose David was so certain that he could beat Goliath? (allow all answers)
But David didn’t wear the amour that King Saul tried to give him. What do you suppose made David so strong?
Say: David trusted God to help him face the giant Goliath.
Ask: Why do you suppose David trusted God? (accept all answers)
Ask: Would any of you like to share why you trust in God?
Say: I know I feel great having God with me, during my happy times but also during the times I am afraid. Having faith and trust in God helps me tackle those giants -- those giant problems -- that I am afraid of facing.
Ask: What about those giant problems that we talked about earlier? Do you suppose we can be like David and trust God to help us face those giants? (accept all answers)
Ask for any prayer requests. Ask if anyone would like to lead the group in prayer. Be prepared to say a prayer yourself, working in prayer requests. Use the Lord’s Prayer as the ending.
A suggestion: “Dear God, Thank you for stories in the Bible which teach us about you. Each time we face giants in our lives, help us to remember the story of David and his trust that you would be with him to fight his giant. (End with everyone joining in on the Lord’s Prayer.) Amen.”
If you have extra time:
Say the key verse with the students: “Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be terrified; do not be discouraged, for the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go.” Joshua 1:9
Ask: When things are going well, it doesn’t require a lot of faith to trust God. But when life turns messy, is your faith leading you to depend on God, or do you put your trust in something else?
What can help us to remember that we can put our trust in God?
Resources for Cooking Lesson:
- Faith Quest Lesson Sets at Kirk of Kildaire Presbyterian Church, Cary, NC. “David &Goliath.” 2003. Web.
- "David & Goliath: Creation Station.” 2003. Web.
- Idea for a giant cookie from Jaymie Derden at State Street United Methodist Church, Bristol, VA.
Giant Cookie Recipe
Makes four 5½ inch round cookies (cut into ¼’s for a total of 16 servings)
1/2 cup packed brown sugar
1/4 cup granulated sugar
1/2 cup butter, softened (1 stick)
1 teaspoon vanilla
1 1/4 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 package (12-ounce size) miniature semisweet chocolate chips (1 cup)
1. Preheat convection oven to 325ºF.
2. Line a sheet pan with parchment.
3. Mix sugars, butter, vanilla and egg in large bowl.
4. Mix together flour and baking soda in separate bowl.
5. Stir dry ingredients into larger wet ingredient bowl (dough will be stiff). Stir in mini chocolate chips.
6. With lightly floured fingers, press the dough into circles on parchment paper in the pan (try for an even thickness).
7. Bake about 10-14 minutes or until golden brown; cool in pan.
8. Lift with spatula off parchment to remove cookie. Place on serving platter and cut into quarters.
Images in this post:
David and Goliath (fair use) from the book by by Brendan Powell Smith, David and Goliath: The Brick Bible for Kids.
Clipart image of kids reading the Bible provided via Christart
Other images copyright 2015 by Carol Hulbert.
If you use this material, even in a modified form, please include the following reference:
Hulbert, Carol and Nicole Merritt and Chris Nelson. "David and Goliath: Cooking Lesson." Rotation.org. 2015. Web. Place URL where lesson found inside angle brackets<>.
Ann Arbor, MI, USA
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